Guru Nanakji in his personality, the qualities of saints, yogis, prophets, philosophers, Rajyogis, grihasthas, tyagis, religious-reformers, social-reformers, poets, musicians, patriots, Vishwabandhu, etc., were in excellent quantity.
Introduction to Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji – Guru Nanak Ji Divine History
Guru Nanakji was born on 15 April 1469 in a place called Talwandi, Punjab. The place is located 30 miles west of Lahore. Now it is called ‘Nankana sahib’. Talwandi’s name later came to be named after Nanak. Nanak’s father’s name was Kalu and mother’s name was Trupta. His father was of the Khatri caste and Bedi dynasty. He used to do agriculture and general trade and was also a village patwari.
At the time of Nanakdev’s birth, the maternity house was filled with supernatural light. There was a sharp aura around the head of the baby, there was amazing peace on his face. Father Baba Kaluchandra Bedi and mother Tripata named the child Nanak. The priest of the village, Pandit Hardayal, when he heard about the child, he did not take any time to understand that there is definitely a secret of God hidden in it.
The winning Naukandi ran Satinam da Chakra, Bhaya Anand Jagat, came to Taran Guru Nanak yesterday
Guru Nanak Dev’s childhood was spent in the village. There was extravagance and strangeness in them from childhood. When his partner used to spend his time in sports, he would shut his eyes and become engrossed in self-thinking. His father Kalu used to be worried about this trend.
Early life of Shri Guru Nanak Dev
At the age of seven, he was sent to the Gopal teacher to study. One day when he was disillusioned with studies, was introverted and engrossed in self-thinking, the teacher asked- Why are you not reading? Guru Nanak’s answer was – I know all the disciplines and Vedas. Guru Nanak Dev said- I find the study of God more joyful than worldly studies, pronounced the following speech by saying – Make the ink burn by burning it (make it), make the intellect the best paper, make the pen of love And writer to the mind. Ask the Guru and write thoughtfully (that of the divine) is neither the end nor the limit. On this, the teacher was surprised and he considered Guru Nanak to have reached the faqir and said – Do whatever you wish. After this, Guru Nanak left school. He started spending most of his time in meditation, meditation, meditation and satsang.
All the birth proofs related to Guru Nanak confirm that he had satsang of the sages and sages of different sects. There were many of them who were great scholars of theology. On the basis of the internal evidence, it is well proved that Guru Nanak also studied Persian. In Guru Granth Sahib, some verses have been composed by Guru Nanak in which Persian words are more.
Childhood – Guru Nanak Ji Divine History
His father Kalu used to be concerned with Guru Nanak’s end-tendencies and anti-sentiment. Considering Nanak as deranged, Kalu gave him the job of grazing a buffalo. Nanak ji fell asleep while he was buffalo. Buffaloes went to a farmer’s farm and they harvested his crop. The farmer shouted this out, but when his field was seen, everyone was surprised. Not even a single sapling was planted. He was sacrificed at the age of 9 years. On the occasion of Yagyopaveet, he said to the Pandit – May Daya be cotton, be a Santosh yarn, be a restraint knot, (and) the truth should be fulfilled by that person. This is the (spiritual) person for life. If you have this type of janeu near you, then wear it around my neck, this thread neither breaks, nor does it get dirty, neither does it burn nor does it lose.
In the year 1485 AD, Nanak was married to Batalnivasi, Kanya Sulakhani of Moola. There is very little information regarding their married life. At the age of 28, his elder son Srichand was born. At the age of 31, his second son Lakshmidas or Lakshmichand was born. Guru Nanak’s father tried to engage him in agriculture, business etc. but all his efforts proved fruitless. Guru Nanak put the money given for horse trading in Sadhuswa and told his father that this is true business.
In November 1504, his brother-in-law Jairam (husband of his elder sister Nanaki) called Guru Nanak to Sultanpur near him. From November 1504 AD to October 1507 AD, he remained in Sultanpur, due to the efforts of his brother-in-law Jairam, he was appointed Medi at Sultanpur Governor Daulat Khan. He completed his work with utmost sincerity. The people there and the rulers there were very satisfied with Daulat Khan Nanak’s work. He used to give most of his income to the poor and sages. Sometimes they would spend the whole night in the hymn of God. Mardana had come from Talwandi to become Guru Nanak’s servant here and stayed with him till the end.
Guru Nanak Dev used to sing his footsteps and Mardana used to play ravab. Guru Nanak used to take bath in Bayi river every morning. It is said that one day after bathing, he entered the forest. He was interviewed by God. God gave them nectar and said – I am always with you, I have made you happy. Those who come in contact with you will also rejoice. Go live in the name, donate, worship, take your own name and remind others of their names. After this incident, he handed over the burden of his family to his mother-in-law Mula and went to visit and started propagating religion. Mardana remained with him in his journey.
Guru Nanak’s first ‘Udasi’ (Vichran Yatra) lasted till 1515 AD in October, 1507 AD. In this journey, he visited Haridwar, Ayodhya, Prayag, Kashi, Gaya, Patna, Assam, Jagannath Puri, Rameshwar, Somnath, Dwarka, Narmadat, Bikaner, Pushkar Tirth, Delhi, Panipat, Kurukshetra, Multan, Lahore etc. He changed many hearts. Made thugs a saint, purified the conscience of prostitutes, donated the name, took the rituals out of the armies and engaged them in spiritual devotion, removing the arrogance of egoists and teaching them the lesson of humanity. Returning from the trip, he stayed with his parents for two years.
His second ‘sadness’ lasted one year from 1517 AD to 1518 AD. In this, he traveled to Amanabad, Sialkot, Sumer Parvat etc. and finally reached Kartarpur.
The third ‘sadness’ was about three years from 1518 AD to 1521 AD. In this he traveled to princely states of Bahawalpur, Sadhubela (Sindhu), Mecca, Medina, Baghdad, Balkh Bukhara, Kabul, Kandhar, Aimanabad etc. Babur’s invasion of Amarabad in 1521 AD was witnessed by Guru Nanak himself. Ending his travels, he settled in Kartarpur and stayed there from 1521 AD to 1539 AD.
Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s personality was extraordinary. Prophet, philosopher, Rajyogi, householder, Tyagi, religious reformer, social reformer, poet, musician, patriot, Vishwabandhu all had excellent qualities. There was a unique harmony between thought-power and action-power. He traveled all over the country. His ideas had an extraordinary impact on people. They had all the qualities. Prophet, philosopher, rajyogi, grihastha, tyagi, religious reformer, poet, musician, patriot, Vishwabandhu, etc. all merged in one person like qualities. His creation ‘Japuji’ has the same importance for Sikhs as it is for the Gita for Hindus.
Compositions and teachings
In Sri Guru Granth Sahab, his compositions are compiled as ‘Mahla 1’. The basic essence of Guru Nanak’s teaching is that God is one, eternal, omnipotent, true, doer, fearless, nirvar, ayoni, self. He is everywhere. Idol worship etc. is meaningless. It cannot be obtained by external means. Internal practice is the only way to achieve this. The practice of Guru Kripa, divine grace and auspicious actions are part of this practice. Naam-remembrance is its paramount element, and ‘Naam’ is received only by the Guru. Guru Nanak’s speech is full of devotion, knowledge and disinterest. His eloquence gives a pleasant glimpse of the then political, religious and social situation, in which his extraordinary patriotism and national love is reflected. He has sharply condemned the prevailing stereotypes and misconceptions of both Hindus and Muslims and has told them the method of becoming a true Hindu or a true Muslim. Guru Nanak is one such person in saint-literature; Those who did not condemn women, but accepted their importance.
Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji gave 10 teachings of life to his followers-
- God is one.
- Always worship only one God.
- God is present everywhere and in mere beings.
- Those who do devotion to God have no fear of anyone.
- You should be honest and hard working.
- Do not think about doing bad things and do not harass anyone.
- Always be happy. You should always apologize to God.
- The needy should also be given something to earn from hard work and honesty.
- All men and women are equal.
- Food is necessary to keep the body alive, but greed and greed are bad.
Devout poet Guru Nanak
Muslims had settled in Punjab for a long time, due to which the rite of their fundamental ‘monotheism’ was gradually prevailing there. People began to consider the worship of one God as a sign of importance and civilization, rather than worshiping many gods and goddesses. The order of reading and reading of the scriptures often arose from the influence of the Muslims, leaving no power to understand the esoteric elements of religion and worship. Hence, where many people were forced to be Muslims. In such a situation, ‘Nirguna Sant Mat’, promoted by Kabir, was considered a great support.
Sri Guru Nanak Dev ji was a devotee from the beginning, so it was natural for him to be attracted to such a view, the form of worship of which is acceptable to both Hindus and Muslims alike. He left home frequently and traveled to far away countries, which helped him to stabilize the normal form of worship. Finally, he started promoting Kabir Das ‘Nirgun Upasana’ in Punjab and he became the Adiguru of the Sikh sect. Like Kabirdas, he too was not particularly educated. The hymns that he sang in full of devotion (Samvat 1661) have been collected in Granthashab. Some of these bhajans are in Punjabi language and some are in Hindi, the common poetic language of the country. This Hindi is the poetic language or Brajbhasha of the country, somewhere the dialect in which Punjabi forms have come here and there, like Chaliya, Rahya. The simple expressions of the devotee or Vinaya are spoken in simple plain language, not in crooked metaphors to impress on the illiterate like Kabir. This shows the simplicity and egoism of their nature. With regard to the impermanence, godliness and saintly nature of the world, he has said –
At this time, I trust, came, came, neither came.
This world ran da supana, saw it somewhere, showed it everywhere.
Think, don’t think, I found the one who found.
Nanak bhaktan de parse nisidin ram charan chita hai, who does not accept sorrow in male sorrow.
Sukh Sneh Aru Fear Not, Kanchan Mati Jana
No condemnation, no doubt
Harsha soak is like a niro, naah maan insult
Asa Mansa is depressed like a gross sacrifice
Kama, rage ji parse naahi na tehin ghat brahm nivasa
Guru jirpa jehi nar paai tinah jhuguti pichani.
Nanak Leen Fearless Gobind so much as water is water.
A very beautiful depiction of nature is found somewhere in the poetry of Guru Nanak. The ‘Takhari’ raga has a heartfelt description of each month in Barmahasa (Barhamasa). In Chaitra, the whole forest becomes cheerful, the buzzing of illusions on flowers is very pleasant. Branches in Vaishakh wear many costumes. Similarly, there is an interesting description of the hot earth of Jyeshtha-Ashadh, Rimjhim of Sawan-Bhadan, Dadar, Peacock, Call of Coals, Shining of Damini, Visions of snakes and mosquitoes etc. The characteristics of each season are indicated.
The Sikh shrine is located on the route to Peshawar, one station ahead of Taxila and two miles south of Hassan Abdal, Panjasaheb.
Melody and juice
In the speech of Guru Nanak, there is a predominance of peace and adornment. Apart from these two rasas, Karun, Bhavya, Veer, Raodra, Wonderful, Humor and Gruesome Ras are also available. Although all the famous figures of speech are found in his poetry, but Upma and metaphor are the preeminence of ornaments. Elsewhere, the allegories have become very beautiful. Guru Nanak has used the following nineteen ragas in his composition – Siri, Majh, Gaudi, Asa, Gujari, Badhans, Sorathi, Dhanasari, Tilang, Sahi, Bilawal, Ramkali, Maru, Tukhari, Bhareau, Vasant, Sarang, Mala, Prabhati.
From the point of view of language, Persian, Multani, Punjabi, Sindhi, Brajbhasha, Khadiboli etc. have been used in the speech of Guru Nanak. Many words from Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian have been taken. By 1521, he completed three travel cycles, touring the main places of India, Persia and Arabia.
Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji handed over the weight of Gurugaddi to Guru Angaddeva (Baba Lahna) in 1539 AD and himself got absorbed in ‘Jyoti’ in Kartarpur. Guru Nanak considered inner practice the only means of attaining the omnipotent God. He was a staunch opponent of stereotypes. Guru Nanak had in his personality the qualities of philosopher, yogi, householder, religious reformer, social reformer, poet, patriot and Vishwabandhu.
Note – “Guru Nanak Ji Divine History” article sourced from www.kashipurcity.com. Thatis is in Hindi. and converted by Google Language Translater.